Climate Protection & Adaptation

Tackling causes & managing consequences.

The global climate is changing at a pace that is unparalleled in the history of the earth. Climate mitigation actions target the causes of climate change, first and foremost by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Climate change adaptation addresses the inevitable consequences of the changing climate.

Climate change mitigation – rigorous system transformation

The most important task in curbing global warming is the reduction of greenhouse gases. This may include the removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. The reduction of greenhouse gases necessitates a transformation of the energy system. It also requires the efficient use of emission-free energy sources and extensive changes to industries, transportation and buildings.

The demands are enormous: The transformation should cost economies as little as possible, continue to allow for interconnected industrial value creation, be socially balanced and provide developing and emerging countries room to prosper.

Climate change adaptation – handling the consequences of climate change

Adaptation means taking meaningful action to confront climate change. In contrast to climate change mitigation strategies, adaptation seeks to address the negative consequences of an already occurring or expected climate change, to reduce risks and to realise opportunities.

National and international relationships along the value chain will also be disrupted more frequently and intensively by climate change. The resilience of these systems is, therefore, also an important part in the design of adaptation processes.  
All levels – from politics and companies to the individual – must take decisive and joint action to achieve the goal of a climate-resilient economy and society.

Climate protection & adaptation: A selection of our services

Energy and Climate Change Mitigation Scenarios

Through our energy and climate change mitigation scenarios, we analyze how the long-term transformation of energy and economic systems can succeed, and which preconditions need to be established, for instance regarding policy. For this purpose, we deploy our detailed bottom-up energy system models.

Monitoring and Ex-Post-Analyses

We perform monitoring and ex-post analyses to examine factors driving energy consumption and emission developments in recent years.


We evaluate energy and climate change mitigation policy instruments.

Regional Adaption Strategies

We develop and support regional adaptation strategies towards resilient spatial designs.

Impact on Supply Chains

We analyze the effects of climate change on the supply chains of the economy and businesses.

Regional Economic Portraits

We compile regional economic portraits of the interactions between freight transport and the economic implications from long-term climate change signals.

Our work on this topic

Take a look at our latest projects and activities.

Zero Waste Concept Munich

| Project

We supported the Wuppertal Institute in the development of the Zero Waste Concept Munich for Munich’s waste management services (AWM).

Estimation of costs resulting from climate change in Germany

| Project

Heatwave, drought, floods – for the BMWK and BMUV we have systematically combined the quantifiable costs of extreme weather events in Germany since 2000 and supplemented them with detailed studies.

Evolving Regions

| Project

How can climate adaptation measures be implemented more effectively in regional processes? Prognos is conducting research as part of the EU-funded "Evolving Regions" project with six part-ners.

Circular economy potential for rural development

| Project

Equal living conditions in the city and in the country are a federal government goal. We are looking into how the circular economy can contribute to this for the Federal Ministry for Housing, Urban Development and Construction (BMWSB).

Economic aspects of the circular economy

| Project

Analysis of circular economy, climate change mitigation and adaptation as economic sectors.

Comparison of the "Big 5" climate neutrality scenarios

| Project

Transparency in the climate neutrality debate. A comparison of the "Big 5" climate neutrality scenarios.

Transformation paths for the German steel industry

| Project

Producing primary steel in a greenhouse gas-neutral manner – this is the task facing the steel industry. We have created two scenarios for the German Steel Federation.

Evolving 22 - Conference on Climate Adaptation in Rural Areas

| Event

The latest project results will be presented at the Evolving 22 conference. Lukas Eiserbeck also heads the working session "Monitoring of climate adaptation processes."

Target paths to meet the climate goals in transport

| Project

Which policy measures are required to achieve the 2030 climate targets for transport? Prognos answers these questions for environmental association, Transport & Environment, in “Target paths for transport.”

Waste Management Plan NRW

| Project

Prognos waste experts were commissioned by the Ministry of the Environment, Agriculture, Nature Conservation and Consumer Protection of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia to update the 2008 Waste Management Plan.

Do you have questions?

Your contact at Prognos

Dr Almut Kirchner

Director, Partner

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Oliver Lühr

Vice Director, Head of Environmental, Circular Economy and Climate Change

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About us

Prognos – Providing Orientation.

Prognos is one of the oldest economic research centres in Europe. Founded at the University of Basel, Prognos experts have been conducting research for a wide range of clients from the public and private sectors since 1959 – politically independent, scientifically sound.

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