State budget independent, market-based instruments to finance renewable heat strategies
At present, expanding the use of renewable energy sources for heating (RES-H) relies predominantly on publicly funded support instruments. As these are subject to subsidy cuts and suspensions, these instruments do not provide long-term security for investors and technology suppliers. Although feed-in tariffs and quota-based systems are the major support schemes for renewable energy sources in the electricity sector, similar policy designs have not been applied to RES-H. This paper presents and evaluates three different policy instruments which have the potential to finance RES-H without using public funds: a physical quota system for biomass, a technology-based quota system (Portfolio Model) and a remunerationbased system (Premium Model). The assessment suggests that while the Portfolio Model and the Premium Model are both promising policies to enhance RES-H deployment, there is greater acceptance among stakeholders for the Premium Model.
Autor: Johann Steinbach, Friedrich Seefeldt, Edmund Brandt, Veit Bürger, Ulf Jacobshagen, Marcus Kachel, Michael Nast, Mario Ragwitz
Anbieter: Prognos AG