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Municipal costs
incurred through the
reform of the Lower
Saxony Equal Opportunities
for Disabled Persons Act


Niedersächsisches Ministerium für Soziales, Arbeit, Gesundheit und Gleichstellung




Prof Dr Thorsten Ingo Schmidt

In December 2021, Lower Saxony Equal Opportunities for Disabled Persons Act (NBGG) was reformed. As a result, the municipalities of Lower Saxony faced new tasks to ensure the achievement of equal participation of people with disabilities. Since then, a disagreement has ensued between the State of Lower Saxony and local community associations. The question is whether and to what extent these newly assigned tasks result in an increased financial burden for local municipalities, for which the state should compensate them.

Lower Saxony’s Social, Employment, Health and Equal Opportunities Ministry charged Prognos with the task of compiling an expert report that would provide a fact-based decision-making basis for both parties.

A well-founded cost evaluation

The expert report should identify the central cost effects for municipalities of the last changes to the NBGG. On this basis, the actual costs involved in the implementation of the new elements of the law are estimated in a qualified way.

Our approach

Firstly, Prognos analysed all relevant documents. We then conducted expert interviews with various stakeholders to create a list with the potential cost-effective impacts the change in law has in the municipalities. An online survey of a sample of Lower Saxon municipalities follows, from which the results are extrapolated that then form the basis for a qualified estimate of costs.

In the context of the legal scientific evaluation, the Prognos project team is supported by Prof Dr Thorsten Ingo Schmidt from the University of Potsdam.

In addition, there are regular steering committee meetings, with representatives from the State of Lower Saxony, local community organisations, reference communes as well as people with disabilities.

Project team: Jan-Felix Czichon, Patrick Frankenbach, Rahel Reemtsma, Jan Tiessen

Latest update: 31.10.2023

Do you have questions?

Your contact at Prognos

Jan Tiessen

Vice Director, Head of Management Consulting

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Patrick Frankenbach

Project Manager

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