all projects

Roadmap for
thermal waste
treatment in Austria


Wien Energie GmbH





The role of thermal waste treatment in the circular economy in Austria

Against the backdrop of the waste management target hierarchy, the ever-increasing demand for recycled raw materials, and climate and resource protection requirements, the recycling of waste is gaining in significance. But remaining residues and pollutants from recycling also have to be channelled out of the circuit which, in turn, requires the appropriate pollution sinks. Thermal waste treatment fulfils this function in compliance with the highest environmental standards and gaining energy in return.

In this context, Wien Energie AG addressed the question of the role that thermal waste treatment plays in the circular economy and what the changes might be in the market that the company needs to prepare for: How much of the kind of waste that should be managed via thermal waste treatment will be available, and what capacity will be required?

Prognos and the INFA conducted a study to provide a robust data basis for this very question.

Our approach

The study focuses on the market for the thermal treatment of mixed residential waste as well as non-dangerous burnable waste from industry and commerce. Our analysis paid particularly close attention to the current and foreseeable changes in waste guidelines, socio-demographical, economic framework conditions with potential effects on the revenue potential from thermally treatable waste, as well as thermal treatment capacities in Austria.

In addition, we considered development options in the context of scenarios focused on the necessity to guarantee disposal safety and the influenceability and the (regional) feasibility of such measures and development options. We also compared the volume potential with the existing and expected future capacities.

The results were visualised in report and fabric flow chart form.

Project team: Dr Bärbel Birnstengel, Dr Jochen Hoffmeister, Patrick Bechhaus, Richard Simpson, Prof Dr-Ing Klaus Gellenbeck (INFA), Manfred Santjer (INFA), Prof Martin Faulstich

Latest update: 24.8.2023

Do you have questions?

Your contact at Prognos

Dr Bärbel Birnstengel


View profile

Mehr Studien & Projekte zu diesem Thema

More studies & projects on this topic

Status Report on the German Recycling Economy 2024

| Project

The 2024 Status Report gives a comprehensive picture of the whole Recycling Economy sector and its future challenges.

Supply chains: no climate neutrality without raw materials

| Project

Crises continue to put global trade routes at risk. This study by Prognos and partners indicates the measures necessary to secure strategically important supply chains.

EU monitoring framework: Economic aspects of the circular economy

| Project

Prognos was commissioned to develop a methodological framework for the collection of economic data on the circular economy, climate change and bioeconomy and its regular automated processing.

Ressource efficiency in Bavaria

| Project

Efforts to reduce the consumption of resources in the Bavarian economy must be increased. A Prognos study provides information on the status quo and the starting points for savings.

DG REGIO – Evaluation of the European Green Deal

| Project

How effective has the EU cohesion policy been in driving green change in Europe? This and other questions are being investigated jointly with COWI, Milieu, and CSIL, on behalf of the European Commission (DG REGIO).

Increased climate benefits thanks to European waste management

| Project

What contribution does European waste management make to achieving the Paris climate agreement goals?

Cost model for the disposal of single-use plastics

| Project

Manufacturers will have to pay the costs of collecting and disposing of single-use plastic products through a special levy. We developed a cost model for the Federal Environment Agency.

Zero Waste Concept Munich

| Project

We supported the Wuppertal Institute in the development of the Zero Waste Concept Munich for Munich’s waste management services (AWM).

Circular economy potential for rural development

| Project

Equal living conditions in the city and in the country are a federal government goal. We are looking into how the circular economy can contribute to this for the Federal Ministry for Housing, Urban Development and Construction (BMWSB).

Accompanying the Circular Cities and Regions Initiative

| Project

The CCRI focuses on the implementation of a circular economy in European cities and regions. Prognos is supporting the initiative as a project partner in the associated Coordination and Support Office.

About us

Prognos – Providing Orientation.

Prognos is one of the oldest economic research centres in Europe. Founded at the University of Basel, Prognos experts have been conducting research for a wide range of clients from the public and private sectors since 1959 – politically independent, scientifically sound.

Learn more