all projects

Electromobility standards


Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection (BMWK)




Fraunhofer ISI, Zum goldenen Hirschen, Kanzlei NOERR

For e-cars to achieve their potential not only will standardised charging stations be required but also a progressive standardisation of technologies and interfaces. Modern e-mobility should not be viewed as a stand-alone system but rather one that can be linked with numerous other electrical systems. In the future, electric cars will be able to interact within smart grids and smart cities, communicate with household appliances in a smart home, serve as storage for electricity via bidirectional charging and stabilise the power grid. 

Standards connect technology development and marketing

Electric vehicles will only be able to make use of all these possibilities if the information and communication technologies (ICT) apply standards that enable such networking. With the “ICT for electromobility” programme the BMWK has already been supporting the development and trial of innovative ICT-based system solutions for e-mobility since 2009. In the context of the accompanying research for the project financed through the programme, Prognos examined how best to achieve standardisation for the project participants – because to enable further innovations in e-mobility it is essential that this expansion be based on reliable standards.

The most important results of the study are:

  • Technologies become standards if they are widespread and have a large user basis. Only then can the use of products be made simpler, by reducing complexity.
  • Standardisation bodies alone cannot achieve standardisation.
  • The projects in the “ICT for electromobility” programme must for this reason take into account current market technologies as well as those under discussion in consortium and the relevant bodies.
  • Both forms of standards – those available on the market and those decided by official bodies – function as the link between technology development and marketing. They document the current status of the technology and thus facilitate the strategic focus of new research projects.
  • Standardised ICT technologies play a key role in sector coupling that is, on the other hand, indispensable for the energy and transport transition. The coupling concerns the technologies as well as the concerned parties:
  1. Sector coupling means technology coupling: Standardisation is a prerequisite for linking together the until now separate technology eco-systems such as vehicles, buildings and the energy network.
  2. Sector coupling means actor coupling: ICT standards are the central and linking element between transport and logistics systems. The study shows the high level of need for networks between providers and customers of, for example, charging services, even before charging begins. 
  • Despite advances in recent years there is still a significant need for the further standardisation of data models, interfaces and architectures.

Which standards are required for innovation in electromobility?

Three standardisation fields stand at the centre of the investigation:

  • Charging technologies
  • Embedding in the networked energy system
  • Embedding in transport and logistic systems

We approached the study in four stages:

  1. An introductory presentation on the topic of standardisation for the project managers of the funding programme by a representative of the DIN and the ELSTA-project.
  2. Written feedback from participants to gather their experiences and requirements on the topic of standardisation.
  3. Further follow-up interviews with project leaders and representatives as well as external experts.
  4. Desk research and background research to categorise and systematise the information and interviews.

Links and downloads

The standardisation study (PDF in German)

Further information (BMWK website, in German)

More about our work in the context of the accompanying research (in German) 

Project team: Michael Neumann, Christoph Keller, Felix Kuropka, Thomas Stehnken

Last update: 26.02.2024

Do you have questions?

Your contact at Prognos

K. Christoph Keller

Senior Project Manager

View profile

Dr Thomas Stehnken

Senior Project Manager

View profile

Mehr Studien & Projekte zu diesem Thema

More studies & projects on this topic

European cluster ecosystems united

| Project update

The European Cluster Conference is a key element of cluster collaboration. It focuses on political priorities, the exchange of best practices and practical contacts across a comprehensive EU-wide network.

Decarbonisation of the automotive industry

| Project

Digitalisation, decarbonisation, electrification: The German automotive industry faces major challenges. Prognos led the accompanying research to the carbon assessment of the auto industry value chain, on behalf of the BMWK.

Harnessing Talent Platform: Technical support in progress

| Project update

The Harnessing Talent Platform supports selected regions within the EU that are particularly affected by demographic change and the brain drain. The technical support that Prognos is providing in some regions has now been launched with kick-off meetings.

KreativLand Baden-Württemberg

| Project

Creatives in the countryside? As scientific partner in the model project KreativLand Baden-Württemberg, Prognos examined the status quo, the opportunities and the challenges facing creatives living and working outside of the urban centres and regions.

Electricity grid expansion makes headway

| Project

For over 15 years now Prognos has been bringing together the actors concerned by the expansion of the electricity grid and facilitating dialogue between them – from the Danish to the Swiss bor-der.

Support for the Just Transition Platform

| Project

Through the Just Transition Platform (JTP), the EU supports the member states and regions in achieving their climate targets in a fair manner. Prognos provided the JTP with in-depth analyses and knowledge management.

Trend Report 2024: Germany on its path to digital administration - an update

| Project

Where does Germany stand on its path to digital administration? The Trendreport 2024 gives an update and recommendations for the digitalisation of the public administration system.

Innovation Index Germany 2023

| Project

Once again, Prognos has compiled the Innovation Index Germany on behalf of the Vodafone Institute for Society and Communications. The index quantifies the impact the expansion of Germany’s digital infrastructure has had on its innovation strength.

Status Report on the German Recycling Economy 2024

| Project

The 2024 Status Report gives a comprehensive picture of the whole Recycling Economy sector and its future challenges.

Alternative transport scenario for Germany

| Project

Environmental organisations have tasked Prognos with adapting selected assumptions from the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure transport forecasts to facilitate climate-friendly transport development.

About us

Prognos – Providing Orientation.

Prognos is one of the oldest economic research centres in Europe. Founded at the University of Basel, Prognos experts have been conducting research for a wide range of clients from the public and private sectors since 1959 – politically independent, scientifically sound.

Learn more