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Target paths to meet the climate goals in transport


European environmental association Transport & Environment



In order to achieve the 2030 climate targets for the transport sector, ambitious measures and rapid implementation are required. An analysis commissioned by the European environmental association Transport & Environment examined the emission effects of various policy measures. With boldly designed policy instruments, the ramp-up of e-mobility in Germany can be accelerated significantly, ensuring that the targets for 2030 can also be achieved in transport, according to the modelling results of the ‘policy mix’ path.

Measures of the path “policy mix”

The following measures ensure achievement of the climate goals:

  • Tightening CO2 standards for passenger cars to -30% in 2025, -45% in 2027 and -75% in 2030
  • Tightening CO2 standards for heavy duty vehicles to -25% in 2025 and at least -50% in 2030
  • Higher company car taxes for fossil drives
  • Increasing the CO2 component of car tax
  • Introduction of a CO2-oriented bonus-malus system or registration tax for internal combustion cars
  • Transition to truck tolls according to CO2 emissions
  • Cancellation of the diesel privilege
  • Introduction of emission-free zones in the five largest cities in Germany
  • Speed limit to 130 km/h on Highways
  • A moderate CO2 price, gradually increasing until 2030

press release (, in German)

executive summary of the study (, in German)

long version of the study (, in German)

Authors: Alex Auf der Maur, Tim Trachsel

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