Back to the project overview

How Germany can achieve its climate targets even before 2050

Climate-Neutral Germany 2045

Client

Stiftung Klimaneutralität, Agora Energiewende und Agora Verkehrswende

Year

2021

„An ambitious climate policy by 2030 is a prerequisite for a climate-neutral Germany by 2045.“
Marco Wünsch, Principal

On the way to climate neutrality – as the study Climate Neutrality 2050 already showed – it is an ambitious but achievable interim goal for Germany to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 65 percent compared to 1990.

Three steps to climate neutrality

  1. A climate-neutral Germany is already possible by 2045. Compared to the current target year of 2050, this would mean almost one billion tonnes CO₂-equivalent less in the atmosphere. With such a target, Germany would once again become an international pioneer in climate protection and a lead market and lead provider for climate protection technologies.
  2. A reduction target of 65 percent by 2030 is suitable as a milestone on the path to climate neutrality in 2045 and creates the conditions for an accelerated transformation after 2030.
  3. Compared to the target year of 2050, climate neutrality in 2045 means more speed in structural change. In the expansion of renewable energies (RE), in climate-neutral industry and the switch to heat pumps and electric mobility, the transformation will be accelerated after 2030. In addition, the agricultural transition and the use of CO₂ capture and storage (CCS) will be brought forward.

Background

The study Climate-Neutral Germany 2045 was commissioned by the Climate Neutrality Foundation, Agora Energiewende and Agora Verkehrswende.
Prognos was in charge of the overall design of the scenarios in this study and was responsible for the overall project management. Prognos was also responsible for the building and energy sectors. The Öko-Institut was responsible for transport, agriculture, waste, land use and forestry. The Wuppertal Institute was responsible for the industry sector.


Summary of the study "Towards a Climate-Neutral Germany" (Website Agora, English)

Long version of the study (Website Agora, German)


Authors: Hans Dambeck, Florian Ess, Hanno Falkenberg, Dr. Andreas Kemmler, Dr. Almut Kirchner, Marcus Koepp, Sven Kreidelmeyer, Sebastian Lübbers, Dr. Alexander Piégsa, Sina Scheffer, Dr. Thorsten Spillmann, Nils Thamling, Aurel Wünsch, Marco Wünsch, Inka Ziegenhagen, and others from Öko-Institut e. V. and Wuppertal Insitut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie gGmbH

Do you have questions?

Your contact at Prognos

Marco Wünsch

Principal

View profile

Our work on this topic

Take a look at our latest projects and activities.

Smartwatch kontaktloses Bezahlen. Mit intelligenter Uhr an der U-Bahn-Station zu bezahlen.

City life of the future

ongoing

Prognos is part of the consortium of the BMI programme Model Projects Smart Cities (MPSC).

Versuche mit einer Wasserstoff-Brennstoffzelle in einem Labor

Technology & Innovation Centre for Hydrogen

2021

The BMVI wants to promote an innovation and technology center for hydrogen. Prognos and its partners are evaluating the concepts of four German regions and investigating their feasibility.

Kraftwerk

Technical CO2 sinks

2021

To achieve climate neutrality, CO2 must be removed from the atmosphere. Prognos prepared an expert report on technical CO2 sinks for dena.

Windrad auf einem Rapsfeld

Climate neutrality & security of supply in the electricity market

2021

Assessment of the security of supply until 2030 of the scenarios KN2050 and KN2045 from the study "Climate Neutral Germany".

Blick übers Feld. Im Hintergrund zu sehen sind Strommasten und Windräder
iStock.com - kflgalore

Security of supply in the face of the energy transition

In a publication by the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Jens Hobohm takes a look at security of supply and describes the challenges in primary energy supply and the electricity system associated with the energy transition.

Renovierung eines Gebäudes oder Hausbau

Decarbonisation options in the building sector

2020

How can greenhouse gas emissions in the building sector be reduced?

Großer 1000 Tonnen Kran demontiert an einem sonnigen Tag mit Industriekletterern ein Windrad.

EU’s Global Leadership in Renewables

2020

Prognos, together with COWI, CEPS, and Capgemini invent, examines Europe's position and competitiveness in global renewable energy value chains.

Ein E-Auto lädt an eine Ladestation.

Prognos Charging Report 2020

2020

The Prognos Charging Report 2020 conducted on behalf of EnBW (Energie Baden-Württemberg) provides an overview of the status quo of charging infrastructure.

Zwei Ingenieure stehen auf einem Feld mit Windkraftanlage

8th Monitoring of the Energy Transition

2020

For the eighth time in a row, Prognos reports on the course of the energy transition in Germany and Bavaria until now, on behalf of the vbw - Vereinigung der Bayerischen Wirtschaft e. V.

Rohrleitungsbau in hügeliger Landschaft - Rohre vor der Verlegung

Gas 2030 Dialogue Process – First Balance Sheet

2019

Gas will maintain its role in the energy system until 2050. This is one of the results of the Ministry of Economy’s dialogue process, Gas 2030. Prognos was a contributor to the input paper.

Adobe Stock - CleverStock

About us

Prognos – Providing Orientation.

Prognos is one of the oldest economic research centres in Europe. Founded at the University of Basel, Prognos experts have been conducting research for a wide range of clients from the public and private sectors since 1959 – politically independent, scientifically sound.

Learn more